Like I had mentioned in the post titled ‘Reorganizing the Curriculum Framework‘, from the universal aims of education, one moves to the national aims of education. The first document I am sifting through to try and identify the national aims of education in India is the National Policy on Education 1986 (modified in 1992).
To begin with, the policy speaks of spreading India’s culture,
“(The National Policy on Education of 1968) aimed to promote national progress, a sense of common citizenship and culture and to strengthen national integration. It laid stress on the need for a radical reconstruction of the education system, to improve its quality at all stages, and gave much greater attention to science and technology, the cultivation of moral values and a closer relation between education and the life of people.”
“The common core will include the history of India’s freedom movement, the constitutional obligations and other content essential to nurture national identity. These elements will cut across subject areas and will be designed to promote values such as India’s common cultural heritage, egalitarianism, democracy and secularism, equality of the sexes, protection of the environment, removal of social barriers, observance of small family norm and inculcation of scientific temper. All educational programmes will be carried on in strict conformity with secular values.”
Next, it emphasizes on equality, in terms of standards of education,
“Up to a given level, all students, irrespective of caste, creed, location or sex, have access to education of a comparable quality.”
Lastly, the policy states international co-operation and peace as an aim of education,
“India has always worked for peace and understanding between nations, treating the whole world as a family. True to this hoary tradition, education has to strengthen this worldview and motivate the younger generations for international co-operation and peaceful co-existence.”